2004-2005, 2011

Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique
6 00 S, 35 00 E
Population: 36,232,074
Area: total:  945,087 sq km
land:  886,037 sq km
water:  59,050 sq km
note:  includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar
slightly larger than twice the size of California
Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south
Elevation: lowest point:  Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point:  Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

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