1997 - 2003, 2009,
2010, 2011, 2012

Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic
19 00 N, 72 25 W
Population: 6,964,549
Area: total:  27,750 sq km
land:  27,560 sq km
water:  190 sq km
slightly smaller than Maryland
Climate: tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous
Elevation: lowest point:  Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point:  Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m
Natural resources: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower

One of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere, Haiti has been plagued by political violence for most of its history. Over three decades of dictatorship followed by military rule ended in 1990 when Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected president. Most of his term was usurped by a military takeover, but he was able to return to office in 1994 and oversee the installation of a close associate to the presidency in 1996. Aristide won a second term as president in 2000, and took office early the following year.  In 2004 Aristide was deposed, leaving the country in a state of civil war.  The country, with UN help, is slowly stabilizing.  Future elections are planned.

Previous Page       Home Page