The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.
Location: Eastern Africa, west of Kenya
Geographic coordinates:
1 00 N, 32 00 E
Population: 28,195,754
Area: total: 236,040 sq km
land: 199,710 sq km
water: 36,330 sq km
Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Oregon
Climate: Tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
Terrain: mostly plateau with rim of mountains
Elevation: lowest point: Lake Albert 621 m
highest point: Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley 5,110 m

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