Independent between the two World Wars, Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but this proclamation was not generally recognized until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently has restructured its economy for eventual integration into Western European institutions.
Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia
56 00 N, 24 00 E
Population: 3,610,535 (July 2001 est.)
Area: total:  65,200 sq km
land:  65,200 sq km
water:  0 sq km
slightly larger than West Virginia
Climate: transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
Terrain: lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
Elevation: lowest point:  Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point:  Juozapines/Kalnas 292 m

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