Dominican Republic


1996 to 2009, 2010,
2011, 2015, 2016


A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative, rule for much of the 20th century was brought to an end in 1996 when free and open elections ushered in a new government.
Location: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti
19 00 N, 70 40 W
Population: 8,581,477 (July 2001 est.)
Area: total:  48,730 sq km
land:  48,380 sq km
water:  350 sq km
slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire
Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall
Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed
Elevation: lowest point:  Lago Enriquillo -46 m
highest point:  Pico Duarte 3,175 m

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