Location:  04 38' N, 74 05' W
Population: 42,954,279
Area: (land) 401,044 sq miles
(1,038,700 sq km)
(water) 38,691 sq miles
   (100,210 sq km)
(TOTAL) 439,735 sq miles
    (1,138,910 sq km)
Climate: In general terms, weather conditions are hot and humid along the coastal areas, and below (1,000 m) in elevation; somewhat mild (1,000 - 2,000 m), and quite cold (2,000 meters, and above). The hottest months are March and April; coldest months are July and August.

As an elevation example, Bogota is over (2,500 m) in elevation, and average summer high temperatures approach 78 F, while in the lower eastern elevations, summer high temperatures soar into the high 90s.

Precipitation is generally moderate to heavy, with highest levels in the Pacific lowlands and in parts of northeastern Colombia. Most rainfall occurs from (March - May) and from (September - November).
Terrain: Fronted by the Caribbean and Pacific lowlands, as well as the eastern Amazon lowlands that extend to its borders with Brazil and Venezuela, the western third of Colombia is crossed by three rugged parallel ranges of the Andes Mountains, namely the Eastern, Central, and Western Cordilleras.

Many rivers rise in the upper elevations of the Andes, and the most significant include the Cauca, Magdalena and Putumayo. The Cauca and Magdalena (which flow northward) separate the three principal Andean mountain ranges, eventually merging and then ending in the Caribbean Sea.
Elevation: Highest Pt. Cristobal Colon - 18,947 ft. (5,775 m)

arrow Lowest Pt. Pacific Ocean - 0 ft. (0 m)

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