Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico
15 30 N, 90 15 W
Population: 12,974,361 (July 2001 est.)
Area: total:  108,890 sq km
land:  108,430 sq km
water:  460 sq km
slightly smaller than Tennessee
Climate: tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands
Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau (Peten)
Elevation: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point:  Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m

Guatemala was freed of Spanish colonial rule in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had led to the death of more than 100,000 people and had created some 1 million refugees.


1992, 2004, 2010


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