Goree Island (Ile de Goree) is a small island just
off the coast of Dakar,
Senegal, West Africa
Senegal is a country of more than 12 million people located on the west coast of Africa. A former French colony, it achieved independence in 1960. The major tribe is Wolof (>40%), and the primary language French, with more than 90% of Muslim faith. The majority of the population is rural, with more than 2 million people living in the capital city Dakar. Agriculture and mining are the major industries.
The major challenges include poverty, illiteracy, and health
care. Health care issues include access, availability, decreased health
personnel, and the double burden of disease. This includes the burden of
continued communicable diseases (TB, malaria, Hepatitis B, HIV), compounded
by the emerging chronic diseases that include hypertension, diabetes,
cancer, and atherosclerosis. Rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart
disease, and blunt cardiothoracic trauma from automobile accidents remain
significant concerns as well. A Cardiothoracic surgery project was
initiated in Dakar, Senegal, West Africa March 31- April 13th,
2010 at Centre Hospitalier National de Fann Chirugie Thoracique Cardio-Vasculaire.
The project was developed and hosted by Professor Mouhamadou Ndiaye, the
chief of the center. The goals were to review and assess the growth and
progress of CT surgery in Senegal, as well as participate in the daily
evaluation, care, and surgery of CT surgery patients. Findings,
observations, and recommendations were made. Future plans and initiatives
were subsequently made, especially with regard to biomedical support, and
establishing new corporate contacts for disposables.